DTT: The R8.5bn signal saga
South Africa costs less than r8.
5 billion, it is expected that more r929million will be spent by 2018.
Get the funds to implement the new state agency-
Signal distributor Sentech (format TV)R2. 3 billion);
South African Broadcasting Corporation of public radio (R2. 3 billion);
Universal services and access agencies in SA (Usaasa)(R1. 6 billion)
The task is to bring in information and communication technologies (ICT)to all;
And the universal service and access Fund (Usaf)(R1. 5 billion)
Funding for ICT projects.
The analysis shows that due to the delay in the DTT process, the large amount of money spent so far is a waste.
So where did the money go and what caused the delay?
The story of early DTTThe (2002-2007).
The origin of our DTT story dates back to 2002, when Sentech chose DVB-
T technology is a digital transmission system used in Europe to run a pilot project.
Three years later, Ivy marsepe, then Minister of Communications
Casaburri has appointed the digital broadcast migration working group to report on how we should join the global action to migrate television broadcasts from analog to digital.
This is necessary to improve the quality and quantity of TV, and it is also necessary for the ever-open digital space
Demand for Internet and mobile services is growing. .
At the end of 2006, the working group submitted its final report, suggesting that-T technology.
Sentech was authorized to start the migration of the country\'s broadcasting infrastructure to receive the R100 million from the Ministry of Transport.
According to its 2015/16 budget allocation, Sentech received less than r2. 3 billion. The policy (2008-2009).
The radio digital immigration policy and cabinet approved it.
This brings the first DTT switch to South Africa.
Date of November 1, 2008 and its target switch-
Date of leave on November 2011. .
2008 of the department\'s budget votes show further progress.
The digital migration policy and implementation plan have been basically completed.
Working on the type of decoder or set-
Set-top boxes needed-and how to provide 4 million set-top boxes to the poorest TVs --
Have a family.
When a digital TV migration occurs, the decoder needs to receive a new signal. Matsepe-
Casaburri had previously announced that a digital Dzonga advisory committee would be set up to help her complete the immigration process, and now the terms of reference of the committee are approved and the board nomination process is in progress. .
SABC uses DVB-to launch the R30 million pilot DTT programT standard.
The trials in Johannesburg, Pretoria and Deban continued until 2010. .
According to the results of the ministry\'s 2009 budget vote,
The \"manufacturing development strategy\" is about to be finalized.
It announced the start of funding the Usaasa payment subsidy decoder.
These transfers will start in 2010 and in the first allocation, Usaasa will receive R400 million in two years.
To date, Usaasa has received a total of r1. 6 billion.
The 2009 vote also identified the source of funding for r.
9 billion were allocated during the three-year period.
These funds are used to initiate and operate DTT channels, content costs and broadcasting facilities, among other requirements.
Therefore, the task of SABC is to provide new TV channels and services in the new era. .
Two months later, Matsepe
Casaburri died of natural causes.
DTT starts to solve the card (2009-2010).
After the national elections in May 2009, siffivir NIADA was appointed Minister of Communications and the digital Dzonga advisory committee was launched on July. .
At the same time, the communications regulator Icasa issued the first set of DTT regulations.
But in August, it was free. to-
Air business TV channel
Television challenged these regulations.
Icasa revoked the provisions. .
2010 of the department\'s budget votes announced set-
The set-top box manufacturing will be completed within one month and the final subsidy plan will be completed within two months.
Stop and start (2010-2011).
On April 2010, the department threw a wrench in the DTT project and announced that it was reconsider the use of DVB-
Technology, is now working on ISDB-
Technology used in Japan and Brazil.
When the broadcasting department announced DVB-on June-
It is likely to be abandoned.
The local industry says they have invested millions of dollars in the development of decoders and are using DVB-T. .
Nyanda dissolved the digital Dzonga Advisory Committee on the grounds of conflict of interest among its members.
He introduced the digital Dzonga 2 in August, but was replaced with the minister in October. .
Former Deputy Roy patayach under marsepe
Appointed Minister of Communications.
He said that by January 2011, the government will adopt-
T-2 technology has been upgraded on the basis of the original.
He announced that the country would open digital television by the end of 2013. The new DVB-
The T standard refers to the modification of the decoder being built, and the third draft DTT regulation of Icasa. .
The department\'s 2011 budget vote reported an increase in Icasa\'s expenditure over r2 36 million (2007)
To R300 million (2011)
Is expected to increase to r346wan (2014).
This is due to \"digital migration and market research to establish a competitive framework \". .
The new deadline for submitting a free decoder program to the poor is scheduled for June 2011.
Usaasa received R86 million during the period from 2010 to 2012 for free funding for capacity buildingdecoder scheme. .
On March 2011, Padayachie suspended the work of digital Dzonga 2.
It was disbanded and replaced by the digital immigration office within the Ministry of Transport. .
On August 2011,
Set-top box subsidy scheme to cabinet. .
In mid-November 2011, Tina plole Padayachie was replaced with the minister.
Another minister and media scandal2011-2013).
On February 2012, Pule issued an amendment to the government\'s DTT policy calling on Icasa to consider authorizing new players in free gamesto-
TV market and pay TV market. .
2012 of the department\'s budget vote reported that,
The manufacturing strategy and subsidy scheme of the set-top box have been submitted to the Cabinet for approval. .
On May 2012, Pule announced that Sentech would handle conditional access control for the DTT decoder. E.
In December 2012, a legal challenge was launched by television. . The DTT proof-of-
Concept release was held in North Cape Province in October 2012 and Icasa released its final DTT regulations on promoting diversity and competition on the DTT platform in December. .
The department is in a scandal after signing a contract with an agency called \"media corner\" with the R756 million budget for advertising DTT-
This will be announced in 2014 after the special investigation unit confiscated the computer investigation tender from the Ministry of Communications Office. .
2013 of the department\'s budget voting results showed that the campaign was launched in October 2012 and advertising spending \"increased significantly \".
Until 2012/13, the average monthly advertising of the Ministry of Communications was about 5 million, when it jumped to 36 million, followed by 2013/14 years and dropped to 2014/15 years.
These increases are attributed to DTT-
Critics questioned the spending because the DTT was not launched and there was no DTT decoder available for sale.
The media corner charges R988 000 per month and there are no activities available for a fee. .
The finance scandal in the information and communication technology industry has led to the removal of the minister.
More changes at the top (2013-2014).
Yunus Karim was appointed Minister of Communications in July 2013.
His desk is full of questions about conditional receiving and encryption technologies and whether they should be included in the current 5 million free government decoder.
He facilitated arbitration between warring broadcasters. .
By December 2013, Carrim had revised the digital broadcast migration policy approved by the cabinet.
It states that conditional access (
Enhanced security with additional features)
Should be included in the set-
But if commercial broadcasters want to use the technology to provide paid TV services, they have to pay for it. .
2014 of the department\'s budget voting results show that Usaasa has received r1.
5 billion of subsidy set
Box on top, antenna and installation.
Usaasa received R690 million between 2011 and 2014 and will receive another R700 million.
The budget target is to introduce 676 subsidized DTT decoders to the poor by March 2015.
It also details that the travel expenses for the DTT project \"are expected to increase to r2.
7 million 2016/17 due to increased travel related to the implementation of the DTT project \".
DTT ready to roll (2014-present).
On May 2014, President Jacob Zuma renamed the Government Communications and Information System as the Ministry of Transport and appointed faith mutambi as minister.
The former Ministry of Transport is now known as the Ministry of Communications and Postal Services, and the minister is Siyabonga Cwele.
For the most part of 2014, DTT immigrants triggered a war on the field until President Zuma stepped in and handed over responsibility to mutambi. .
On March 2015, Muthambi published an amendment to the digital broadcasting immigration policy approved by the cabinet in the Gazette, removing conditional access to the episodetop boxes.
This prompted e. tv.
The government recently won the case. .
In June 2015, South Africa missed the international deadline to turn off analog TV transmission, but the government plans to complete the switch in the next 18 to 24 months.