Average office desk has 400 times more bacteria than toilet seat
But what we\'re talking about here is not just personality likes or dislikes-there\'s also a factor in how clean they keep their desks.
It is said that the bacteria content of the ordinary desk is 400 times that of the toilet seat-which means that many office staff may get sick because of dirty tables.
Research from the University of Arizona found that humans are the most common source of bacteria, and men have three to four times the number of bacteria compared to women, on or around their desk, phone, computer, keyboard, drawer and personal items.
As to why this may include men with larger desks, it means an increase in the surface area that can be stored and, on average, lower standards for personal grooming instruments.
As a microbiology, when we look at the office, we see what is called the building environment.
It is believed that the micro environmentflora (
All bacteria, viruses, fungi and other microorganisms detected)
It is much smaller than the outside world.
It is also believed that it will be strongly influenced by the surrounding geographical environment.
For example, it is not possible to distinguish the microbial mixture between the San Francisco and New York offices.
The office bacteria in Tucson, Arizona vary greatly due to higher temperatures and the surrounding desert environment.
It is also clear that the microbes in the two offices in different cities are more similar than the kitchens and offices in the same building.
At the desk, humans are the largest source of microorganisms-most of the bacteria in the office come from humans.
For many people, computer keyboards and mice are a common part of office life.
There is no doubt that every time the key hits deposits and picks up microorganisms.
The study of the keyboard outside the office found that there were pathogenic bacteria in the hospital, while in the university,
There are more creatures on the user\'s keyboard, including some intestinal bacteria.
The microbial flora of mobile phones has also been reviewed, probably because of how close we are to bringing them to vulnerable entry points such as mouths and ears.
Studies on the number of bacteria on regular mobile phones vary, but a University of Arizona study found that mobile phones carry 10 times more bacteria than most toilet seats.
But at a university in Germany, touch-screen phones were found to have lower levels of bacteria-usually skin, nose and some gut bacteria.
Most paperwork is digital today, so it\'s easy to have very different viruses and bugs.
But many of us still have regular exposure to different sheets of paper-think about it, record it at meetings, leave notes on the colleagues\' desks, and even read books or read newspapers during lunch breaks.
Paper books, especially library books, are not a common source of pollution-but, nevertheless, British readers with certain diseases still need not to come up with any books when they are sick.
Readers of sick library books must also inform local authorities that they have the option to disinfect or destroy any books.
The law requiring this is due to the spread of scarlet heat by a person due to unusual habits using spots on the skin as bookmarks.
Equally surprising is the guidance of the British public health association that reusable coffee cups must be properly cleaned to prevent bacterial growth.
Research has shown that as many as 90% of the cups in the office kitchen are covered by bacteria, of which 20% actually carry feces.
If you need a reason to get your own cup, that\'s right.
There must be evidence of microbial survival on stationery.
But in your office, if you chew pens and happen to lend them to someone with bad bathroom hands, all you need to worry about is --
But of course none of these surfaces are created to promote the growth of bacteria-so if they remain clean, there will be no nasty surprises.
We personalize our environment with our own microbes and become clearer, whether it\'s keyboards, coffee cups or shoes on our feet.
Michael Loughlin is a senior lecturer at the School of Science and Technology at the University of Nottingham Trent.